Plenary Session, Invited Lecture
SM16-05
Carbon Dioxide as Raw Material for the Energetic and Chemical Value Chain:Challenges and Opportunities for Catalysis
W. Leitner 1
1Institut für Technische und Makromolekulare Chemie, RWTH Aachen University, Worringerweg 2, 52074 Aachen, Germany; e-mail: leitner@itmc.rwth-aachen.de
The use of CO2 as carbon source offers the possibility to contribute to sustainable carbon cycles for energy and chemical value chains [1]. The present lecture highlights some of the key scientific challenges associated with this concept and demonstrates the importance of catalysis research at the interface of molecular and engineering sciences in this area. The general aspects will be illustrated with current research from our laboratories concerning the development, application, and mechanistic understanding of catalysts and catalytic systems. Examples include the catalytic utilization of CO2 for production of polymers [2], a process that has reached industrial implementation recently. The main emphasis is put on catalytic hydrogenation of CO2 as this can provide access to large volume products such as
methanol [3] and also holds attractive potential for novel synthetic methodologies for more complex molecules in higher value products [4].
[1] J. Klankermayer, W. Leitner, Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A 2016,374, available online.
[2] J. Langanke, A. Wolf, J. Hofmann, K. Böhm, M. A. Subhani, T. E. Müller, W. Leitner, C. Gürtler,
Green Chem. 2014, 16,1865–1870.
[3] S. Wesselbaum, V. Moha, M. Meuresch, S. Brosinski, K. M. Thenert, J. Kothe, T. vom Stein, U. Englert, M. Hölscher, J. Klankermayer, W. Leitner, Chem. Sci. 2015,6, 693-704.
[4] J. Klankermayer, W. Leitner, Science 2015, 350, 629-630.